Have you reached a point where you don’t know what to do? Does God’s will seem misty? Are there competing voices on all sides of an issue? Do your circumstances seem to indicate that God might be asleep on the job?
By chapter 27 in the book of Job, we are at an impasse. Job has lost his children, his wealth, and his health in a series of devastating blows. He curses the day of his birth (ch 3), but pleads for God’s explanation. Job’s friends, after three rounds of debate, have concluded that he must be a wretched sinner because of these troubles. Eliphaz, who gave Job the benefit of doubt in his first speech is convinced by the time of his third and final one: “Is not your wickedness great and your iniquities without end?” (Job 22:5) Bildad, the last to speak, (Zophar has apparently exhausted his explanations and doesn’t even offer a third rebuke) generalizes and leaves all of us in the dust:
“If even the moon has no brightness
and the stars are not pure in His sight,
How much less man, that maggot,
and the son of man, that worm.” Job 25:5-6 (Note the contrast with Psalm 8!)
Job, totally disgusted with his comfortless friends, maintains his innocence, but blames God:
“As God lives, who has taken away my right,
and the Almighty, who has embittered my soul…
far be it from me that I should declare you [his friends] right;
till I die I will not put my integrity from me.
I hold fast my righteousness and will not let it go.
My heart does not reproach any of my days.” Job 27:2, 5-6
The arguments of men cannot resolve the dilemma. Is Job innocent and abandoned by God or has he earned his fate? Into the impasse comes the serene poem about wisdom in chapter 28. Some translations punctuate this as a continuation of Job’s discourse in chapter 27. However, it has changed from a first person rant into a third person hymn. Job’s first person speech continues in chapter 29. Therefore, some commentators have decided that this is an unwelcome and later interruption of the text. A more careful analysis, though, shows that this is actually a masterful insertion by the author. Instead of an intrusion, it is the narrator’s reminder. It is a chorus that concludes the cycle of speeches and prepares us for the revelations yet to come. This hidden gem of Scripture asks and answers a question of great importance for us today.In fact, the poem is divided into sections by this key query: “Where then does wisdom come from? And where is the place of understanding?” (v12, repeated in 20)
Man’s ingenuity and risk cannot unearth wisdom (v1-11)
The author marvels at the risks and effort that were expended by the miners of his time. For the sake of wealth or power, they would brave the dark and depths of the earth to bring out its treasures. Listen to this marvelous line: “They hang and swing to and fro far from men” (v4). at great personal risk, humans will hew channels through rocks and dam up streams to uncover hidden wealth. We will search where no one has seen anything until we find something. The implication, though, is that not even that kind of effort can reveal wisdom.
Man’s wealth cannot purchase wisdom (v13-19)
No matter what treasures man has unearthed or collected, none can purchase wisdom. Its value exceeds them all. Wisdom, therefore, should be pursued above any earthly valuable: “And the acquisition of wisdom is above that of pearls” (v18). But how can it be obtained?
Only God can reveal wisdom (v21-28)
Death and destruction have heard of wisdom, but cannot reveal it. However, God is the Creator of all from the beginning. He has both established wisdom and searched it out. And He reveals it now to us: “And to man He said, ‘Behold, the fear of the Lord, that is wisdom; and to depart from evil is understanding” (v28). (The author is surely indicating the end of this long first section by echoing his description of the upright Job from 1:1 – “fearing God and turning away from evil”)
The difficulties in our world and in our own lives leave us grasping for help. The wisdom of the world leaves us at the mercy of “friends” who do not comprehend. If we are polite, we might just agree to disagree. Then we stay undecided and divided, with no conviction to move forward. Or, if we are more insistent, we shout louder to drown out those who disagree. This can even escalate to violent disagreement.
If we would seek God’s revelation of wisdom, then we could see clearly. We have to acknowledge that God knows better than we do (fearing God). Then we have to act on what He has revealed (turning). With this hymn to wisdom, our author has prepared us for the further revelations to come in Job (keep reading!).
In another posting we can explore how to pursue this revealed wisdom from God. However, let me suggest three things briefly:
– Scripture. The Scriptures reveal the character and plan of God. Wisdom can be found here.
– Spirit. The Holy Spirit also guides us to true wisdom. This can be a personal revelation of truth for our specific need.
– Community. The Spirit also speaks through His community, the church. Gifted teachers, pastors, friends, and counselors can be His voice.
In what areas of life do you need wisdom? How has God revealed His wisdom to you?